CAF Publications


This update to the 2015 report suggests the challenges facing charities are not about to get any easier.

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Our second Social Landscape report, the UK’s biggest survey of charity chief executives, suggests the challenges facing charities are not about to get any easier. Charities are restructuring, downsizing and joining forces with other organisations as they struggle to raise enough money to meet growing demand.


Our survey reveals that almost one in five fear their organisation is struggling to survive, rising to more than one in four among charities with an annual income less than £1 million.

Rising demand and an increasingly tough financial environment may be pushing some organisations to breaking point. More than a third had to dip into their reserves last year to cover income shortfalls.

The research, carried out with ACEVO, reveals that charity leaders’ biggest challenges this year are generating more income and achieving financial sustainability, meeting demand for services and a reduction in public and government funding.

The overwhelming majority of charities saw an increase in demand for their services over the past 12 months while an ever greater number expect to see demand growing over the next 12 months.

However, charities are less confident than they were a year ago about their ability to meet it. Only one in seven chief executives said they were completely confident they would be able to cope with growing demand, while over a quarter had little or no confidence their organisation would be able to do so.

"Almost everyone in Britain benefits from the work of a charity and the demand for their services and support shows no sign of abating. This means that all of us have a stake in how the voluntary sector is faring.

"In 2017 charities are facing ever-growing pressure on already-stretched resources. They are less confident than they were a year ago that they'll be able to meet this demand. In some cases they are being stretched to breaking point. Faced with tough times, charities are restructuring, reducing staff and in some cases adapting their mission.

“Charities remain optimistic despite an unpredictable political climate, a challenging economy and public sector funding cuts and are getting on with the job of improving people’s lives and make a positive difference in the years ahead.

“At this pivotal time as we prepare to leave the EU, charities have a big role to play shaping British society. It is essential that MPs and policymakers work with the voluntary sector and acknowledge the pressures charities are facing if we are to get the full benefit of charities’ experience and expertise in the uncertain times ahead.”

Sir John Low, Chief Executive, CAF


  • Three in five say they either have restructured in the past 12 months or will be doing so in the next 12 months.
  • One in three has reduced or is set to reduce staff numbers and down size the organisation over the same period.
  • More than a quarter say they have or will be reducing front-line services. This compares to 19% who said this was a case when the same research was carried out in 2015.
  • One in ten has plans to merge with another organisation over the next 12 months. More than three-quarters say they have or will be partnering with another not-for-profit while almost half say they have or will be collaborating with a private sector organisation. 

If you downloaded this report before Thursday 9 March, please note there has been a minor change to the legend for the graph on page 22 of the document and a new version is now available.

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